To teach or do research in history requires graduate work beyond the B.A. degree: State credentials and a master's degree for secondary teaching, and usually a doctorate degree for college teaching. Academies and high schools expect history teachers to have at least one teaching minor in addition to the major. If the candidate is prepared for elementary or junior academy teaching, jobs are easier to find. Admission to doctoral programs in history is competitive. Chances are improved by a good grade point average, high GRE test scores in history, and a good beginning in a foreign language.

Positions open to those with the B.S. in social studies and without additional graduate work are primarily in secondary teaching. Other positions, such as library, museum, or publishing work, are open to those with specific postgraduate training.